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Human-Centered Housing: A Universal Approach to Home Design

    How much longer can you live in your existing home without sacrificing comfort, safety, accessibility and independence? Many people are facing tough decisions about moving out of their homes or investing in remodeling. Houses need to be designed so we can stay in them as long as possible, even when health conditions limit our mobility.

    Writing from experience, I know this situation all too well. Seven years ago my spinal cord injury left me in a much compromised condition. I came home from the hospital in a wheelchair and realized just how unaccommodating my two-story home was to me. A very steep wooden ramp had to be built to just to get me inside my house. Doors had to be removed in the bathroom, laundry room and shower because they were in the way of my wheelchair.

    My life change was sudden; for others life changes more gradually. People develop chronic conditions like arthritis, get shorter as they age, and have hip and knee replacements. For some, adaptive devices like walkers, canes and wheelchairs are needed. For others it becomes difficult or impossible to come into the home without help, due to the steps at the entrance. The microwave or storage areas above the kitchen counter may no longer be within reach. Faucets in the bathroom and kitchen may be too hard to turn on and off. Bathtubs pose a problem getting in and out. Showers and toileting areas have no grab bars to hold on to. If these scenarios are of a concern to you, universal design offers a solution for your next home or remodeling project.

    Universal design is a framework for the design of places benefiting the widest possible range of people in the widest range of situations without special or separate design. Universal design is human-centered. Environments designed utilizing these principles are usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. Universal design homes need not look geriatric or hospital-like, but rather homey, spacious and welcoming for all.

    I am currently designing and building a universal design national demonstration living laboratory home in central Ohio. After much research and visiting homes that successfully integrated universal design principles, I recognize the benefits it can offer everyone who lives in a home.

    Some of the features of a universal design home include:

  • A step-free entrance on a gradual, level grade with no conspicuous ramps.
  • Doors without thresholds, and wide enough�at least 36 inches�for a wheelchair or walker.
  • Hallways at least 46 inches wide.
  • Lever handles on doors and faucets.
  • Kitchen counters of various heights, including some that can be used by a person in a wheelchair.
  • A shallow kitchen sink with a side-mounted faucet and rear drain.
  • Open knee space under all sinks.
  • Adjustable height kitchen cabinets above counters.
  • A cooktop set into a counter with open knee space.
  • Sliding casement windows.
  • An elevator, wheelchair platform lift or stair lift on wide stairs.
  • Light switches no higher than 36 inches above the floor.
  • Electrical outlets at least 25 inches above the floor.
  • A large, full bathroom on the first floor with integrated, decorative grab bars.
  • Large bathtubs and showers with plenty of grab bars.
  • Curbless shower with transfer bench.
  • A slide-bar showerhead and/or multiple-height showerheads.
  • A first-floor bedroom or bedroom suite.
  • Wood flooring, non-slip tile and dense-weave carpet with a low (less than one-half inch) pile.
  • Adjustable hanging closet rods and shelves.

    As you plan for your elder years or consider caring for aging relatives that will live with you, think about what features of your current home will limit accessibility and independence. Call a builder or remodeler and begin a dialogue about their experience with universal design. Thoughtful planning may enable you or those you love many more years of quality life in a home that offers safety and comfort.

    � Rosemarie Rossetti, Ph.D.

    Rosemarie Rossetti, Ph.D. is a speaker and writer. To book her to speak at a conference, or to subscribe to her free monthly inspirational column, go to: Rosemarie Speaks

    Rosemarie conducts presentations that bring out the best in people, to help them achieve goals, and take charge of their lives. Rosemarie helps her audiences discover their inner strength. Her core message is focused on sharing information, strategies, and life lessons that provide the tools to LIVE LIFE WITH CONVICTION.

    She is the author of �Take Back Your Life!� and is Ms. Wheelchair Ohio 2004.

    Rosemarie would like to receive your comments about the impact her article has made on your life. Write her at: Rosemarie@RosemarieSpeaks.com